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Results for search "Autism".

11 Feb

Autism and Sleep Problems

Children with autism spectrum disorder have significantly more sleep problems.

20 Nov

Air Pollution and Autism Risk

Prenatal exposure to a certain air pollutant may increase autism risk in children.

Health News Results - 84

FRIDAY, April 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists suspect that your gut microbiome -- the mix of bacteria that inhabit your intestines -- affects your health in many ways, but a surprising new finding suggests that a healthy microbiome may even ease the symptoms of autism.

The small study of 18 children with autism who also had severe digestive problems found that a fecal transpla...

THURSDAY, March 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Children with autism may have trouble interpreting facial emotions in strangers, but research finds some are as "in-tune" with their mother's expressions as kids without autism.

The study included 4- to 8-year-olds with and without autism who viewed five facial expressions -- happy, sad, angry, fearful and neutral -- on both familiar and un...

TUESDAY, March 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A smartphone application that works with Google Glass might help kids with autism build their social skills, a small clinical trial suggests.

Researchers found that over six weeks, kids who used the app at home with their families made greater gains in certain social abilities, compared to those who stuck with their usual therapy alone.

...

THURSDAY, March 21, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Children who are exposed to common pesticides, either while in the womb or in the first year of life, may be more likely to develop autism, a new study suggests.

While the researchers stressed that it's premature to say that pesticide exposure actually causes autism, they pointed out that theirs is not the first investigation to sound alarm...

TUESDAY, March 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Some toddlers thought to have mild autism "outgrow" the diagnosis, but most continue to struggle with language and behavior, new research suggests.

The study is not the first to document cases of autism "recovery." Doctors have known for decades that a small number of young children diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) seem to ou...

FRIDAY, March 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Autism exacts a heavy toll on the families of teens who struggle with the disorder, but the fight to get treatment and services is even harder among minorities who live in poverty, new research suggests.

"We must understand that many families parenting teens on the autism spectrum are also struggling to make ends meet while trying to navigate...

FRIDAY, March 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- When the clocks spring forward an hour this Sunday, it will throw everyone off.

But the time change will affect children with mental health issues the most, experts warn.

"Sleep is a more complicated issue for patients with a mental health disorder," said Dr. Robert Kowatch. He is a child and adolescent psychiatrist and sleep medicin...

MONDAY, March 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Amid ongoing U.S. measles outbreaks, one of the largest studies to date provides fresh evidence that the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine does not cause autism.

Danish researchers found no link between the MMR vaccine and autism, even when they focused on children at greater risk for developing autism.

"In a study of more tha...

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Something as simple as taking prenatal vitamins during the first month of pregnancy might lower the odds of having a second child with autism.

As researchers explain in a new report, once one child has been diagnosed with autism, any subsequent children face a higher risk of having the developmental disorder.

But the study found t...

MONDAY, Feb. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Young children with autism are more than twice as likely to have sleep problems than typical kids or those with other developmental delays, a new study reports.

Several factors profoundly affect the sleep of 2- to 5-year-olds with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), said lead researcher Dr. Ann Reynolds. They are more likely to resist their bedtim...

THURSDAY, Dec. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers say a massive genetic analysis of the human brain has yielded new insights into the underpinnings of psychiatric diseases such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and autism.

Scientists at 15 institutions analyzed nearly 2,000 brains, and their findings are detailed in 11 studies published Dec. 14 in a special edition of Scienc...

MONDAY, Dec. 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Autism and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are so closely linked that they not only run in families, but each increases the risk of the other in future siblings, a new study finds.

Younger siblings of children with autism have a 30-fold increased relative risk they'll be diagnosed with autism themselves. They're also nearly fou...

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Could an infection make your child or teen prone to mental health issues?

New research from Denmark suggests it's possible.

"The findings linking infections with mental disorders in the developing brain do add more knowledge to this growing field, showing that there exists an intimate connection between the body and the brain," sai...

MONDAY, Dec. 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Yet another study reveals that autism is far more common than once thought, with nearly 3 percent of American children diagnosed with the disorder.

A federal study published last week reported that one in 40 children have an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and a second study that was published online Dec. 3 in the journal JAMA Pediatrics

THURSDAY, Nov. 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Connections between different areas of the brain are sustained longer than usual in people with autism, perhaps explaining some of their symptoms, a new study suggests.

It's possible these prolonged connections make it difficult for the brain to switch from one activity to another, the researchers said.

"People with autism do not l...

MONDAY, Nov. 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A new government study finds that roughly 1 in 40 American children has autism, a huge jump from the previous estimate of 1 in every 59 children.

The survey asked parents of more than 43,000 children between the ages of 3 and 17 whether or not their children had ever been diagnosed with autism or an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and w...

FRIDAY, Nov. 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- When a child with autism can play the piano or sing a song, their brains may benefit, new research suggests.

Music therapy increased connectivity in key brain networks, according to the researchers. Not only that, the sessions improved social communication skills and quality of life for the patient's family.

"The universal appeal of ...

MONDAY, Nov. 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Traffic-related air pollution may play a role in development of autism, new research suggests.

A Canadian study found that exposure to a common air pollutant during pregnancy was tied to higher odds of a child being diagnosed with autism by age 5.

That pollutant, nitric oxide, is associated with traffic pollution, the researchers not...

THURSDAY, Nov. 1, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Social stigma may play a large role in the depression, anxiety and other mental health woes experienced by many people with autism, a small new study indicates.

British researchers found that 72 percent of the psychological distress reported in 111 adults with autism was linked to social stigma, including discrimination and rejection.

...

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Many pregnant women may wonder if antidepressants -- or other drugs acting on the brain's neurotransmitters -- might raise their baby's odds of developing autism. Now, reassuring research suggests that's not the case.

But a mother's health before and during pregnancy may play a role in autism spectrum disorders, according to researchers fro...

TUESDAY, Oct. 23, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Children with autism or developmental delays may be at increased risk for obesity, a new study finds.

The study included nearly 2,500 2- to 5-year-olds in the United States. Of those, 668 children had autism spectrum disorder (ASD); 914 had developmental delays; and a control group of 884 children had neither.

Compared to the contro...

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The number of genes known to be associated with autism now stands at 102, researchers report.

They also said that they've made significant progress in distinguishing between genes associated with autism and those associated with intellectual disability and developmental delay, conditions that often overlap with autism.

The analysi...

FRIDAY, Aug. 31, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Depression affects almost 20 percent of young adults with autism, new research shows, a rate that's more than triple that seen in the general population.

And young adults with autism who were relatively high-functioning -- meaning they did not have intellectual disabilities -- were actually at higher risk of depression than people with more s...

TUESDAY, Aug. 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Autism spectrum disorder -- or ASD -- is a developmental disability now diagnosed in about one in 37 boys and one in 151 girls in the United States.

Researchers are learning more about why differences in the brain develop and result in autism spectrum disorder, which includes autism and Asperger's syndrome. Both environmental factors and gene...

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Robots may hold the keys to social success for kids with autism.

That's the takeaway from an experimental home-based therapy in which autonomous "social" robots modeled and encouraged behaviors like maintaining eye contact and paying attention while playing with 12 children with autism spectrum disorder. The kids were between 6 and 12 years...

THURSDAY, Aug. 16, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- High levels of exposure to the insecticide DDT in women seems to more than double the risk of autism in their children, new research suggests.

The study looked for a link between the development of autism and two common environmental chemicals -- DDT and PCBs. PCBs are chemicals that were used in many products, especially transformers and e...

MONDAY, Aug. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Children born to women who got the Tdap vaccine during pregnancy have no greater risk of autism than other kids, a new study finds.

The Tdap vaccine protects against tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis, which is better known as whooping cough. U.S. health officials advise pregnant women to get a booster shot in order to protect their newborns fr...

THURSDAY, Aug. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Donji Cullenbine's young son, Alex, has autism, but when he put on a pair of Google Glass smartglasses they helped him recognize the emotions of others through their facial expressions.

"Within two, maybe three weeks, I caught him flicking a glance at me," said Cullenbine. "It was stunning because it was spontaneous. I had nothing to do with ...

TUESDAY, July 17, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Children with autism show abnormalities in a deep brain circuit that typically makes socializing enjoyable, a new study finds.

Using MRI brain scans, researchers found that kids with autism showed differences in the structure and function of a brain circuit called the mesolimbic reward pathway.

That circuit, located deep within the ...

THURSDAY, July 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The underpinnings of autism may lie in an unexpected part of the brain, a small study suggests.

Scientists conducted brain scans on 20 boys with autism and 18 boys without the neurodevelopmental disorder. The scans showed that boys with autism had a significantly flatter surface on the right side of their cerebellum. That side happens to be ...

TUESDAY, July 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Investigators say they've found an unanticipated but welcome twist in a decades-long effort to reduce birth defects by boosting folate levels among pregnant women.

Beyond protecting against serious defects such as spina bifida, fortifying the grain supply with folic acid may also enhance fetal brain development and lower the long-term risk for...

MONDAY, June 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnant women who have any form of diabetes may face higher odds that their child could develop autism, a new study suggests.

Whether it's type 1, type 2 or gestational diabetes, which specifically affects pregnant women, having the blood sugar disease might be linked to an increased autism risk, the researchers said.

"The risk appe...

TUESDAY, June 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Letting any teen behind the wheel of a car is nerve-wracking for parents, but if your teen has autism, you may wonder if driving is even possible.

Well, a new study offers some comfort because it found that kids with autism who aren't intellectually disabled are probably capable of driving a car safely, though they may need more practice time...

FRIDAY, June 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Children with autism are more likely to also have a food, respiratory or skin allergy, new research suggests.

What's not clear from the new study, however, is whether there's a common cause behind these conditions.

"More research is needed to determine whether there is a causal relation between allergies and autism, or something else...

WEDNESDAY, May 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A close examination of baby teeth is giving new insight into the roots of autism -- and ways to spot it early.

The research suggests that the way infants metabolize two nutrients -- zinc and copper -- may predict who will develop the condition.

"We have identified cycles in nutrient metabolism that are apparently critical to health...

MONDAY, May 21, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- An important checklist used to screen for autism can miss subtle clues in some children, delaying their eventual diagnosis.

Researchers found that the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, or M-CHAT, can fail to detect developmental delays that are tell-tale signs of autism in 18-month-olds, according to findings published in the June issu...

WEDNESDAY, May 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Adults with autism face many challenges, and one of the biggest is finding and keeping a job.

More than two-thirds of adults with autism are unemployed or underemployed, and a new survey identifies some of the most significant barriers -- and benefits -- to work.

People with autism reported that "the most important factors in being ...

WEDNESDAY, May 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- It may seem counterintuitive, but a robot might help kids with autism interact better with humans.

This two-foot-tall robot goes by the name of Nao, and young kids who had therapy that included Nao made more progress on their social skills than those who didn't get to work with the robot, researchers report.

"This research using a c...

THURSDAY, April 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Autism rates continue to climb in the United States.

About 1.7 percent of children -- one in 59 -- are now believed to have autism spectrum disorder, up from an estimated rate of 1.5 percent in 2016, according to data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The CDC said Thursday that some of the increase comes f...

THURSDAY, April 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The Austrian doctor who defined Asperger's syndrome may have collaborated with the Nazis and likely played a role in the deaths of hundreds of mentally disabled children, new research claims.

The findings challenge the "narrative" that pediatrician Hans Asperger was an active opponent of the Nazis and their policies, according to Herwig Cze...

TUESDAY, April 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Could women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) be at increased risk for mental health problems? And are their children more likely to have autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

That's the suggestion of a new British study that hints at a connection between the gynecologic condition and mental health issues, but does ...

FRIDAY, March 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Neurons in a brain area involved with social and emotional behavior normally increase as children become adults, but this does not occur in people with autism, new research contends.

Instead, children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have too many neurons in this part of the brain -- the amygdala -- and lose neurons as they mature, accordi...

TUESDAY, March 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- New research suggests that a special MRI technique can spot abnormal connections in the brains of preschoolers with autism.

The discovery "may be a clue for future diagnosis and even for therapeutic intervention in preschool children with [autism]," study co-author Dr. Lin Ma, a radiologist at Chinese PLA General Hospital in Beijing, explai...

MONDAY, March 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Vaccine skeptics appear to be swaying many parents of children with autism to forgo critical childhood vaccines, a new study suggests.

And the hesitation to fully immunize includes the children's younger siblings, the researchers added.

This means that "children with autism spectrum disorder, and their siblings, may be at greater ri...

TUESDAY, March 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The pre-pregnancy width of a woman's waist -- but not whether or not she is actually obese -- may be tied to autism risk in her children, new research suggests.

What's behind the association remains unclear, the researchers said. But it could lie in the fat-induced activity of inflammatory chemicals known as cytokines, which are "known to b...

MONDAY, March 19, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Moderate use of Facebook may help make adults with autism happier, a new study suggests.

Researchers found that happiness among adults with autism increased with Facebook use, but only up to a certain point.

The researchers also said their results can't be generalized to overall use of social media, because the use of Twitter did no...

TUESDAY, Feb. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- For young people with autism, the leap to adulthood can feel like jumping off a cliff, but researchers may be zeroing in on a safety net.

In a small study, young adults who had one of two psychotherapies were better able to deal with the thinking, flexibility and social awareness challenges of autism. They were also more employable as a resul...

THURSDAY, Feb. 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- By examining brain tissue, researchers say they've found similarities in certain mental illnesses, including autism and schizophrenia.

Specifically, some similar patterns of gene expression were found in people with autism, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, the researchers say.

Gene expression refers to cells' conversion of geneti...

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Taking folic acid and multivitamins during pregnancy could reduce your child's risk of autism, a new study suggests.

Kids were less likely to be diagnosed with autism if their moms took supplements before pregnancy and while they were expecting, according to a study of just over 45,000 Israeli children.

"Reduced risk of [autism] in...

TUESDAY, Jan. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Autism rates are much higher than originally thought but may have stabilized in recent years, a new study suggests.

An estimated 2.41 percent of children in the United States have autism spectrum disorder, according to a new analysis of data from the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH). The most recent previous estimate put autism rates a...

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