Results for search "Neurology".
Health News Results - 123
TUESDAY, July 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Obese children may be twice as likely to develop multiple sclerosis, a new study suggests.
And once obese children are diagnosed, they tend to have a poorer response to their initial treatment than average-weight kids do.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological disorder caused by a misguided immune system attack on the body's myel...
MONDAY, July 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Even if you are unlucky enough to carry genes that predispose you to Alzheimer's disease, a healthy lifestyle can minimize that risk, new research shows.
The study tracked the genetics, lifestyles and Alzheimer's disease incidence of nearly 200,000 British people over 60 for an average of eight years.
Researchers found that people wh...
TUESDAY, July 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The "season" for a polio-like illness that mainly strikes children is about to begin, so public health officials sent out an early warning to doctors on Tuesday.
The largest recorded outbreak of acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) occurred last year, with the illness debilitating 233 people in 41 states across the nation, according to the U.S. Cente...
MONDAY, July 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Soon after a man is diagnosed with prostate cancer, drugs that lower levels of testosterone are often offered as treatment, since testosterone fuels the cancer's growth.
But a major new study suggests that this approach might have an unwanted side effect: Higher odds for Alzheimer's disease and other dementias.
"Our results suggest th...
MONDAY, June 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors often prescribe anticholinergic drugs for a variety of ills. But a new study suggests they may increase the risk of dementia in older patients.
These medicines include everything from Benadryl (diphenhydramine) to certain antipsychotics and Parkinson's meds. They're used to treat a wide range of other conditions, including depression, ...
TUESDAY, June 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many aging Americans have the common heart rhythm disorder known as atrial fibrillation, or "a-fib." Now comes the sobering news that it might raise their odds for dementia.
The Korean study couldn't prove cause and effect, but researchers noted that the link between a-fib and dementia was found even among people who hadn't suffered a stroke....
MONDAY, June 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The strong link between brain health and heart health is reinforced in a new study. The research showed that as cardiovascular health falters, so too does thinking and memory.
In one of the largest and longest studies of its kind to date, researchers studied a group of nearly 8,000 people in the United Kingdom. The participants were over 49 y...
THURSDAY, June 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A new study supports the notion that a drug used to control epilepsy and other disorders could make some young people more prone to suicide.
The medicine, pregabalin (Lyrica), comes from a class of drugs called gabapentinoids. Besides their use against epilepsy, these drugs are also used to treat nerve pain and anxiety disorders, as well as ...
FRIDAY, June 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Though rare, some children are born with an extra finger, a condition known as polydactyly.
Now, for the first time, a team of researchers set out to see whether having this extra appendage is somehow beneficial.
The answer is yes.
The bottom line: Having an additional finger significantly boosts a person's ability to manip...
WEDNESDAY, June 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Tuesday gave the nod to Emgality, an injected medication that's the first to cut the frequency of cluster headaches.
Episodic cluster headaches are "an extremely painful and often debilitating condition," the FDA's Dr. Eric Bastings noted in an agency news release. He's deputy director of the Divisi...
FRIDAY, May 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Could electrical stimulation of nerves that sit behind your nose help limit the harm done to your brain by a stroke?
New research suggests it's possible. In early experiments, blood flow to the brain was increased by widening undamaged arteries and bypassing the clot. This delivered oxygen-rich blood to threatened areas of the brain.
THURSDAY, May 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Struggling with bipolar disorder is hard enough, but now a new study from Taiwan suggests these patients are seven times more likely to develop Parkinson's disease.
But U.S. experts cautioned that the absolute risk of developing Parkinson's -- an incurable movement disease -- is still very low for those with the mood disorder.
THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Mornings spent figuring out Sudoku or finessing a crossword could spell better health for aging brains, researchers say.
In a study of over 19,000 British adults aged 50 and over who were tracked for 25 years, the habit of doing word or number puzzles seemed to help keep minds nimble over time.
"We've found that the more regularly p...
THURSDAY, May 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Fibromyalgia is a mysterious and misunderstood illness, but researchers may have uncovered at least one key to the disease's origin: insulin resistance.
The new research compared a small group of people with fibromyalgia to two groups of healthy people and noted that a long-term measure of blood sugar levels was higher in the people with fibr...
WEDNESDAY, May 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Tourette syndrome can be a nerve-wracking condition, but there are effective treatments for sufferers, a new American Academy of Neurology guideline says.
Tourette is a neurodevelopmental disorder that begins in childhood and causes involuntary vocalizations and repetitive movements known as tics.
Accurate diagnosis, ongoing medical...
FRIDAY, May 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The sooner a child with autism is diagnosed, the better, and now new research describes a novel way of catching it earlier than ever.
Well-child visits that include developmental screening might pick up the first hints of autism risk in some children, the study suggests.
"We think this has the potential to identify children at risk fo...
WEDNESDAY, May 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The belly-brain connection is gaining traction in autism research. And a new study suggests gut bacteria may play a role in the disorder or some of its symptoms.
Although this research is in its infancy, it's hoped that someday scientists might tweak the gut bacteria to ease digestive symptoms of autism spectrum disorder.
TUESDAY, April 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There's new data supporting the use of Epidiolex -- the first cannabidiol (CBD) medicine approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration -- to help curb a form of epilepsy.
The research found that the drug reduced seizures by nearly half in children with Dravet syndrome, a rare and severe form of the neurological disorder.
WEDNESDAY, April 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Reading the brain waves that control a person's vocal tract might be the best way to help return a voice to people who've lost their ability to speak, a new study suggests.
A brain-machine interface creates natural-sounding synthetic speech by using brain activity to control a "virtual" vocal tract -- an anatomically detailed computer simu...
WEDNESDAY, April 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The death of brain cells may not be as sudden, or as irreversible, as previously believed.
Four hours after a pig's death, Yale scientists restored circulation and revived cellular activity within the dead animal's brain.
The cells of the brain remained viable six hours later, compared with other brains not preserved using the ne...
WEDNESDAY, April 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- When NFL legend Frank Gifford died in 2015 at the age of 84, his family revealed that for years he'd suffered from mental issues caused by chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), tied to head trauma experienced during his years of play.
CTE was also thought to contribute to the suicide of retired NFL great Junior Seau at the age of 43.
THURSDAY, March 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For those who suffer debilitating depression, stimulating the brain can bring desperately needed relief, new research shows.
The study findings suggest that this type of therapy should be considered as an alternative or additional treatment for the toughest cases of the mood disorder.
Depression is typically treated with drugs and...
THURSDAY, March 28, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An older but still common multiple sclerosis (MS) treatment has an unexpected perk: It not only quells symptoms, but patients may also live longer.
New research revealed that patients taking a beta interferon drug for more than three years were likely to live longer than those who took one for a shorter time or who didn't take one at all. <...
WEDNESDAY, March 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Postpartum depression is a common and often devastating condition for new mothers, but the U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Tuesday approved the first drug to help combat it.
The drug, Zulesso (brexanolone), is delivered via intravenous infusion.
"Postpartum depression is a serious condition that, when severe, can be life-thr...
THURSDAY, March 14, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many survivors of the 2014-2016 Ebola outbreak in West Africa have ongoing health problems, a new study finds.
More than 28,000 people were infected and more than 11,000 died in the outbreak.
Researchers compared 966 Ebola survivors from Liberia with 2,350 close contacts and sexual partners. They found that survivors were more lik...
FRIDAY, March 8, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- People with migraines may be at higher odds of also having chronic dry eye disease, and that's especially true for seniors, new research shows.
The 10-year study of almost 73,000 people cared for at ophthalmology clinics in North Carolina found that -- after accounting for certain medication use and other factors -- people with migraine had a...
WEDNESDAY, March 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Tuesday approved the nasal spray medication esketamine -- a relative of the club drug and anesthetic ketamine -- for use against severe depression.
Sold as Spravato, the fast-acting drug becomes the first new type of medicine approved in years against an illness that plagues millions of Americans.
- Carole Tanzer Miller and E.J. Mundell
- March 6, 2019
- Full Page
TUESDAY, March 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Popping open too many sodas or other sweetened beverages each day might worsen symptoms for people with multiple sclerosis, new research suggests.
It's important to note that the small study could only point to an association -- it couldn't prove that high soda intake causes MS symptoms to get worse.
But study author Dr. Elisa Meier...
TUESDAY, March 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Fatigue can plague many people with multiple sclerosis (MS). But a small new study suggests a soothing cup of hot cocoa may bring some relief.
Like dark chocolate, cocoa is rich in flavonoids, which are abundant in fruit and vegetables and have been linked with anti-inflammatory properties, explained researcher Shelly Coe, of the Center for ...
FRIDAY, March 1, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- It may be possible to restore brain cells damaged by Parkinson's disease and reverse a patient's condition, something no current treatment can do, according to British researchers who conducted potentially groundbreaking clinical trials.
They cautioned the trial was small -- just 41 patients -- and the research is still in its early days. But ...
FRIDAY, Feb. 15, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Infants who are given general anesthesia for an hour are unlikely to suffer harm, but the safety of longer and repeated exposure remains unknown, a new study says.
Among more than 700 infants in seven countries, the researchers didn't find any measurable neurodevelopmental or behavioral problems up to the age of 5.
"Nearly half the g...
- Steven Reinberg
- February 15, 2019
- Full Page
MONDAY, Feb. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Brain surgery's pretty serious, but someday patients may laugh their way through it.
A young woman with epilepsy who was undergoing surgery at Emory University in Atlanta did just that, even cracking jokes during her procedure, according to a new study.
Neuroscientists at Emory School of Medicine found that stimulating a certain ar...
TUESDAY, Jan. 29, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- If you were up all night and you ache all over the next morning, your lack of sound slumber might be to blame.
New research found that sleep loss delivered a double whammy to the brain that all but guaranteed greater levels of body pain.
"Activity in the somatosensory cortex, previously associated with the location and intensity of ...
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The most potent drug available for Parkinson's disease, levodopa, treats symptoms of the disease but does nothing to either ease or increase its still-mysterious underlying causes, a new clinical trial has concluded.
Doctors often delay prescribing levodopa, or L-dopa, to Parkinson's patients for fear that the drug might have toxic effects th...
- Dennis Thompson
- January 23, 2019
- Full Page
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Young adults with blood pressure that's higher than normal, but not yet high blood pressure, are still more likely to have brain shrinkage than those with normal blood pressure, a new German study finds.
It's long been thought that high blood pressure takes decades to affect the brain.
However, the new findings show "that subtle c...
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An immune system drug may help prevent or slow complications in a type of multiple sclerosis known as secondary progressive MS, a new study finds.
The medication is called rituximab (Rituxan). It's used to treat a number of conditions, including certain blood cell cancers and the autoimmune condition rheumatoid arthritis.
FRIDAY, Jan. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- When a woman with epilepsy uses the anti-seizure drug valproate during a pregnancy, the odds that her baby will go on to develop ADHD rise, a new study suggests.
The Danish report can't prove that valproate causes attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in these cases, only that there's an association.
But in the new study, f...
FRIDAY, Dec. 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Some people who receive botulinum toxin injections for disorders that cause muscle tightness and contractions develop resistance to the treatment, researchers say.
The new study included nearly 600 patients with dystonia or spasticity who had been receiving botulinum toxin type A (commonly known as "Botox") for about three to five years.
- Robert Preidt
- December 28, 2018
- Full Page
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 26, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- You've probably seen movies where a veteran returns home from the horrors of war and wakes in the middle of the night yelling, punching or flailing so much that they harm themselves or a sleep partner.
This isn't just Hollywood drama. New research has identified who's most at risk for this troubling sleep condition.
It's called ...
- Serena Gordon
- December 26, 2018
- Full Page
THURSDAY, Dec. 20, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- New research on 12 high school football players tracked for a season found that repeat head impacts affected the boys' vision -- even if those hits didn't result in concussion.
The Indiana University researchers stressed that the changes in vision did seem temporary.
But since vision tests are part of certain testing protocols for...
THURSDAY, Dec. 13, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A brain protein linked to Alzheimer's disease might potentially be transmitted to people during neurological procedures, a new preliminary study suggests.
Genetically engineered lab mice developed amyloid-beta deposits in their brains after they were injected with amyloid-laced samples of human growth hormone taken from decades-old human cad...
- Dennis Thompson
- December 13, 2018
- Full Page
MONDAY, Dec. 10, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Rolling around, meowing and generally acting blissed-out: cats love the plant known as catnip.
Now, British scientists say they're closer to knowing how catnip works -- and their insights might end up helping felines' two-legged friends.
The substance in catnip that intoxicates cats is nepetalactone, explained a team led by Benjamin ...
- Robert Preidt
- December 10, 2018
- Full Page
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- A new warning has been added to the multiple sclerosis drug Lemtrada (alemtuzumab) after rare reports of patients suffering strokes and tears in the lining of the arteries in the head and neck, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said.
Most patients with these problems -- which can lead to permanent disability and death -- developed sympto...
FRIDAY, Nov. 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Electrical stimulation of a certain part of the brain may offer a new option for "treatment-resistant" depression, a small new study suggests.
Researchers at the University of California, San Francisco, found that 25 patients with moderate-to-severe depression gained significant improvement in their mood after electrical stimulation of a brain...
THURSDAY, Nov. 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Connections between different areas of the brain are sustained longer than usual in people with autism, perhaps explaining some of their symptoms, a new study suggests.
It's possible these prolonged connections make it difficult for the brain to switch from one activity to another, the researchers said.
"People with autism do not l...
- Robert Preidt
- November 29, 2018
- Full Page
THURSDAY, Nov. 29, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- There's more evidence that football may be changing the brains of adolescent players, and not in a good way.
In a new study, researchers looked at MRI scans of 26 football-playing boys averaging 12 years of age.
Comparing MRIs taken just before the football season and then three months after, the scans revealed that the boys had c...
- Robert Preidt
- November 29, 2018
- Full Page
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 28, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- An experimental gene therapy for Parkinson's disease seems to work by rewiring key areas of the brain, a new study finds.
The researchers focused on 15 Parkinson's patients who, in an earlier trial, had received so-called GAD gene therapy. GAD is an enzyme that spurs the production of a brain chemical involved in movement control.
TUESDAY, Nov. 27, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Although the findings are so far only in mice, studies suggest that aspirin -- even the "low-dose" variety -- might help counter multiple sclerosis.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disorder where aberrant immune system T-cells attack and destroy the protective myelin protein sheath that coats nerves.
This causes gradual deb...
MONDAY, Nov. 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- People who have experienced either a concussion or a mild traumatic brain injury are twice as likely to commit suicide than others, a new review suggests.
The analysis also indicates that men and women who have had a concussion are also more likely to consider or attempt suicide.
The investigators stressed that the absolute risk of s...
FRIDAY, Nov. 9, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The antidepressant fluoxetine (Prozac) is ineffective in treating a rare, polio-like disorder that can cause muscle weakness and paralysis in children, researchers are reporting.
In the United States, there have been 219 possible cases of acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) reported so far this year, and 80 have been confirmed, according to the U.S. C...